What are the major specialties in the field of psychology?


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Page last updated: 24/09/2022

What are the major specialties in the field of psychology?

The current blogspot will be based on the major specialities in the field of psychology. We will focus on the question “what are the major specialities in the field of psychology?”. We will enlist the various fields of psychology and elaborate each of them with respect to their characteristics.

What are the major specialties in the field of psychology?

Psychology is a science that is related to the study of human mind and behavior. It has application across all the life phases. The major specialities in the field of psychology are :  

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Counseling Psychology
  • Experimental Psychology
  • Forensic Psychology
  • Cognitive Psychology
  • Industrial-Organizational
  • School Psychology
  • Social Psychology

Clinical Psychology

Clinical psychology is a branch of psychology related to the treatment and diagnosis of mental illnesses based on the diagnostic criteria of mental disorders. The clinical psychologists use various therapeutic interventions and strategies to help out individuals to overcome the distorted patterns of functioning due to impairment in academic, social, personal and professional life. 

The clinical psychologists use their training and knowledge of the mental disorders and use psychological assessment tools to evaluate the underlying patterns of behavior in order to formulate the case for therapy.

Clinical psychologists often work with psychiatrists to treat chronic cases with the help of psychotropic agents. 

Clinical psychologists usually work in medical setups, mental health asylums, community centers, rehabilitation centers and special children units.

Counseling Psychology

Counseling psychology is a branch of psychology that is related to the wellness of individuals. Counseling psychology provides solution focused facilitation to the clients in order to help them resolve their emotional anxieties.

Counseling psychology also includes doing supportive work with the people to help them adjust well in their phase of life. Individuals often seek counseling to overcome the adjustment issues in their life.

Counseling psychology facilitates the personal and interpersonal well-being of individuals across the various life spheres. It specifically revolves around the concerns of individuals at academic, marital, professional and personal level.

Experimental Psychology

Experiment psychology is an applied branch of psychology. It tends to conduct experiments to study the relationship between various factors that have an influence over our daily behaviors, thought patterns and feelings. 

Experimental psychology tends to elaborate the type of nature by conducting qualitative or quantitative studies in controlled settings. Through experimental psychology, we can determine if there is a correlational, predictive or no relation between two significant factors.

Some of the major concerns of experimental psychologists focus on neuroscience, genetics, motivation, cognitive processes and substance abuse.

Forensic Psychology

Forensic psychology is a branch of psychology that deals with the criminal justice system and the application of psychological findings to the law and justice systems. The forensic psychologists tend to facilitate the legal systems in custody disputes, legal claims and lawsuits. 

Forensic psychologists work in family courts and juvenile courts to offer psychotherapy services. The forensic psychologists often interpret the reports of child abuse and perform child custody evaluations by analyzing the risk chances involved in visistations. 

What are the major specialties in the field of psychology?

Cognitive Psychology

Cognitive psychology is a branch of psychology related to the influence of mental processes involving thinking,  perceptions, memory, language, motivation and memory. Cognitive psychology is based on the fact that people’s behavior is determined by their mental processes and not just their  observable behavior. 

Based on cognitive psychology, the cognitive behavior therapy by Aron Beck is used by psychologists in psychotherapy and counseling to help clients identify their underlying cognitive distortions and surface underlying schemans to break the distorted behavioral patterns.

Through using 15 cognitive distortions individuals are better able to restructure their cognitive patterns and live a functional life.


Industrial and organizational psychology is also known as occupational psychology. Industrial organizational psychology is related to the human factor psychology, ergonomics and workplace behaviors.

Industrial and organizational psychologists are related to :

  • Recruitment and hiring processes
  • Need based trainings of hard and soft skills
  • Crisis management
  • Stress management
  • Work Life balance
  • Employee relations
  • Training Evaluations
  • Employee Motivation

Industrial and organizational psychologists are concerned with the various factors that are related to maximizing productivity of the employee at the workplace.

School Psychology

School Psychology is also called educational psychology. School psychologists work towards the wellbeing of students and help them with social,emotional and academic issues. The school psychologists work with the advocacy and awareness of various factors that influence the student’s life. 

School psychologists work in collaboration with the parents, school management, teachers and students to deal with issues like behavioral problems, bullying, academic issues, classroom conflicts and achievement issues.

School psychologists often teach techniques to parents and teachers to overcome the emotional distances and increase their positive interaction with the students.

Social Psychology

Social psychology is an area of psychology that is related to the factors that influence our behavior in social settings. The social psychologists are concerned with social thinking, social behavior and social influence. 

Social psychologists help us to understand the influence of social factors on our behavior. We learn the ways to express our happiness and manage our anger due to the social psychology phenomenon  of emotional regulation.

Social psychologists often work with market researchers, organizational researchers,  system designs and other applied areas. It also helps us to understand consumer behavior. 


The current blogspot focused on the question “what are the major specialities in the field of psychology?”. We learned that psychology has various special fields that are each based to manage and modify human behaviors within various social settings and through various strategies based on underlying theory unique to each speciality.

Frequently asked questions: What are the major specialties in the field of psychology?

What are the 5 major specialty areas of psychology?

Following are the 5 Specialty Areas of Psychology

  • Social Psychology
  • Industrial-Organizational Psychology
  • Health Psychology
  • Research Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology

What are the various Specialities in psychology?

Following are the various specialities in psychology :

  • Industrial organizational psychology
  • Behavioral cognitive psychology
  • Forensic Psychology
  • Couple and family psychology

What do most psychologists Specialise in?

Psychologists are usually trained and skilled for dealing with human behaviors that are not socially acceptable. They specialize in using the various forms of therapies and strategies to counsel and provide therapies to human beings across various life phases.

What are the 8 major fields of psychology?

The 8 major fields of psychology are as follows :

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Cognitive Psychology
  • Counseling Psychology
  • Developmental Psychology
  • Educational Psychology
  • Experimental Psychology
  • Forensic Psychology
  • Health Psychology