This blog post will answer questions: What are the different types of psychology? What are the branches of psychology? What are some facts about psychology?
What are the different types of psychology?
There are various types of psychology each with a different purpose to serve. Psychology is the study of the mind and behavior, according to the American Psychological Association. Psychology is the umbrella term used for a set of subfields of psychology.
The four main types or branches of psychology are cognitive psychology, behavioral psychology, clinical psychology, and biopsychology.
What are the branches of psychology?
Abnormal psychology is a branch of psychology that focuses on psychopathology and abnormal behavior. This branch of psychology deals with major psychological disorders such as clinical depression, schizophrenia, obsessive-compulsive disorder, pedophiles, developmental disorders, and many more complex and critical issues.
Clinical psychology is the most practiced and common branch of psychology as a profession and choice of treatment. It mainly focuses on the behavioral and mental aspects of an individual’s concerns.
The main aim of clinical psychology is to bring about healthy development and favorable adaptation among troubled individuals.
A clinical psychology professional is usually known as a clinical psychologist. They nearly focus on all aspects of an individual including biological, social, psychological, intellectual, and emotional aspects.
The main goal of a clinical psychologist is to understand, manage and reduce the significant distress that the induvial comes complaining about in the first place.
Cognitive psychology pays more importance to the complex internal processes of an individual such as learning, memory, problem-solving, and language.
It focuses on how an individual tries to communicate, remember, perceive and produce an outcome. This branch of psychology is closely related to linguistics and neuroscience.
Cognitive psychologists aim at helping individuals improve their memory, their decision-making, and problem-solving abilities.
Developmental psychology is a branch of psychology that focuses on the changes that individual experiences throughout their lifespan concerning their development.
This means that developmental psychology does not only focus on a particular time in an individual’s life but keeps a collective outlook of different stages in life that an individual passes through.
Developmental psychology usually tries to analyze how personal factors are combined with environmental factors to bring about a change in an individual’s development.
Counseling psychology is yet another largest subfield in psychology with a growing need. It mainly aims at helping individuals experiencing mental distress.
Evolutionary psychology focuses on how an individual’s behavior is related to the psychological adjustments that they make during growth and evolution.
An evolutionary psychologist believes that humans adapt both physically and psychologically in order to survive.
Forensic psychology is a branch of psychology that focuses on investigations and the law based on the evidence and characteristics of the crime.
Health psychology can also be called as medical psychology. It’s based on the principle that an individual’s health is a result of one’s own biology and social context.
That is health psychology has a more holistic approach to looking at an individual’s concern. This might include their education, background, economic status, behaviors that might have a possible impact on the disease.
Neuropsychology predominantly focuses on the functioning and the structure of the brain with regard to behavior. A neurological evaluation is usually carried out in order to understand whether an individual is at the risk of experiencing a behavioral problem following any damage to the brain due to varied reasons.
Personality psychology is a branch of psychology that works on the study of complex taught patterns, behaviors, feelings, and emotions that are usually unique to every individual.
Occupational psychology sometimes also referred to as organizational psychology mainly works on the performance of people at work.
Apart from helping the employees adjust to workplace challenges they also help the employers in the effective selection process of the employees who are directly responsible for the growth of the company in both the short and long run.
The assessments carried out by the organizational psychologist may aid in improving effectiveness, retention, and job satisfaction.
Social psychology is a branch of psychology that believes humans are social beings and most of their behavior is impacted by their social surroundings.
The underlying principle of social psychology explains how an individual’s behaviors and emotions are influenced by other people, either imagined or real.
Unlike the other branches of psychology that focus mainly on the individual and their problems social psychologists try and study the group behaviors, social perceptions,and nonverbal behaviors.
Educational psychology is a branch of psychology that mainly concerns students, school, teaching, education-related issues, and concerns.
Educational psychologists aim to study the different factors that influence a student’s performance.
Sports psychology is a field of psychology that studies athletic performance, physical activities, and sports. Sports psychologists work with athletes and their coaches in order to improve their performance or even help with cases of rehabilitation.
What are some facts about psychology?
- Psychology mainly deals with the study of an individual’s behavior and their mind
- Psychology is an umbrella term used for various subfields related to human studies such as forensic psychology, social psychology, developmental psychology, and cognitive psychology.
- Psychologists usually use assessments and treatments in order to help individuals with mental health concerns.
- The treatment offered by a psychology professional is usually focused on behavioral modifications and adaptations.
- A psychiatrist can be differentiated from a psychologist. In that, the psychiatrist deals with the medical aspect of mental health issues that the individual is complaining about.
Every branch of psychology looks at the problems of an individual from very different perspectives. While each branch has its own principles rules all of them share a common goal of understanding human behavior, thoughts, and emotions.
The different types of psychology can have two common areas in each, that is a research area that works on increasing the knowledge base and the other one being the practice area where the knowledge has been actively applied in the real world
As we all know that humans are the most complex beings in the world the number of subfields in psychology has constantly been evolving. This evolution has opened up a huge number of doors for career seekers over time.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs):
What are the four main types of psychology?
Psychology is an umbrella term used for various domains. Psychology includes four major areas:
- Cognitive psychology – Cognitive psychology studies all the mental processes.
- Behavioral psychology- Behavioral psychology helps to understand human behavior through extreme types of conditioning techniques.
- Biopsychology – Biopsychology is a branch of psychology that focuses on the brain and related behaviors.
- Clinical psychology- Clinical psychology is widely focused on the behavioral and mental health of an individual.
What are the different professional choices in the field of psychology?
If one decides about taking out psychology as a profession the possible options that they will have as a professional is :
- Counseling psychologist
- Educational psychologists
- Developmental psychologist
- Social psychologist
- Experimental psychologist
- School psychologists
- Clinical psychologist
- Personality psychologist
What are the seven schools of psychology?
The seven principal schools of psychology are:
- · Learning/ (Behavioural) psychology.
- · Child psychology.
- · Psychodynamic psychology.
- · Humanistic psychology.
- · Evolutionary psychology.
- · Biological psychology.
- · Abnormal Psychology.
What are the 5 main goals of psychology?
The 5 main goals of psychology are:
- Describe- Involves observing the behavior and describing it.
- Explain- Involves explaining the described behavior.
- Predict- Involves predicting the behavior
- Control – Involves controlling a target behavior
- Improve- Involves improving a targeted behavior.
Which type of psychology is the best?
In terms of career psychiatric is by far the best paying career option.