What are the 3 C’s of teamwork? (+5 strategies)

In this article, we shall be explaining the 3 C’s of teamwork. In addition, we shall be looking at the various ways through which you can improve teamwork and the benefits it brings to an organization. Teamwork and communication has become evidently important in the post-covid world. This has led organizations to strengthen their strategies and re-train their employees.

What are the 3 C’s of teamwork?

The 3 C’s of teamwork are:

  • Communication
  • Collaboration
  • Coordination

These elements are the essentiality of teamwork and drive the process forward. Teamwork itself is highly important in any industry since most tasks and projects require people to work together. Team players are also better at conforming to organizational values and are highly committed to achieving the organization’s long-term vision.

Due to its importance, recruiters and employers are seeking candidates who have great interpersonal and people skills which can be used for teamwork. Those who are great at teamwork also tend to be more responsible and accountable with their tasks, furthering its importance in the workplace. The 3 C’s of teamwork are explained in detail below:


Communication is the key to great teamwork in an organization. Leaders and managers emphasize on open and honest communication between team members. This can allow the better understanding of messages and can also reduce miscommunications and conflicts within the team. The communication should be effective in verbal, non-verbal as well as written forms.

Through communication, team members can get to know each other on a personal level. They can also ask questions and provide answers. Through communication, information and knowledge can be shared in the group. It also allows team members to give opinions and feedback to each other.

In an organization, communication can take many forms like email, instant messaging and chats. It can also be in the form of meetings, seminars and presentations. Communication in an organization can also refer to delivering news to outside sources through communiques like press releases, public messages, etc.


Collaboration refers to several people working together in order to achieve a specific purpose or a goal. The goal is a shared goal to which all the team members are highly committed. There is not only a shared goal but also individual goals and roles assigned to various team members. These team members need to show high accountability and responsibility for their roles.

In collaboration, the team members use group norms or ground rules in order to work together. These are decided early in the work process in order to avoid conflicts among team members. The rules can also act as a guide in the work process and also help in the problem-solving and decision making of the team.

Examples of collaboration in the organization can be brainstorming in order to generate new ideas and suggestions, effective team meetings in order to track progress or working together on a shared document. Many organizations also use digital collaboration tools to improve the effectiveness and success rate of collaboration.


Once the wok gets going, it may need constant supervision, guidance and readjustment. This process is called coordination. Without coordination, a project is highly likely to fail even if the plan is great. Coordination also involves using the human resources in the project in the right manner, by delegating tasks and tracking their progress.

Coordination as a process relies heavily on tools and technologies since it is very difficult for leaders to physically check everyone’s work. There are many project management systems which can be used to track the progress everyone has made and also the percentage of completion in the project.

Strategies to improve teamwork

In order to improve teamwork in an organization, the following strategies can be used:

Clarify the goals and expectations

For the team members to work effectively with each other, they need to know the goals they need to accomplish. The goal also needs to be relatable and meaningful to them. This inspires and motivates them to work closely with others in the team. The team members need to not only be aware of the team goals and also their individual goals and the expected outcomes.

Provide opportunities for learning

Learning can be a great way to bring the team members closer together. Learning can be encouraged in the organization by encouraging team members to share their knowledge with each other. In this manner, there is more interaction and communication between the employees. It can also be encouraged by promoting the learning of a new skill as a group.

Capitalize individual talents

When individual talents are used in the team, it motivates team members to commit more to the team process. Discovering individual talents and strengths is not only the responsibility of the team leader but also each team member. The more strengths and abilities that are discovered, the more resources the team has to capitalize.

Provide the right resources

In order for the process of teamwork to be smooth and efficient, the team needs to be provided with the right resources. This can be in the form of proper workplaces and spaces for meeting and discussion. It can also be in the form of online or digital communication platforms that can help teams work together even if they are placed in different locations.

Encourage after-office gatherings

While teamwork can be built in the office space during office hours, it may still face many hurdles. Employees might not feel that comfortable in the office space to open up and communicate informally with their colleagues. Encouraging socialization outside of the workplace can be instrumental in building teamwork and collaboration.

Resolve conflicts quickly

Conflicts, though common in every team, can become highly dangerous if left to fester. Teams need to resolve conflicts quickly and amicably in order to avoid long-term resentments and office politics.

Benefits of teamwork for an organization

Teamwork brings an organization many wonderful benefits such as:

  • It increases the success rate of various projects
  • It creates a positive and supportive work environment
  • It generate more ideas and suggestions
  • It encourages better feedback
  • It promotes creativity and innovation
  • It motivates employees to take up added responsibilities
  • It increases employee engagement and participation
  • It leads to better job satisfaction and less turnover rates


In this article, we have explained the 3 C’s of teamwork. In addition, we have looked at the various ways through which you can improve teamwork and the benefits it brings to an organization.

Frequently asked questions: (What are the 3 C’s of teamwork?)


What is cross collaboration?

Cross-collaboration refers to cross-functional collaboration. This is where different functionalities or departments in an organization work together for a specific purpose. Through cross-functional collaboration, more information, knowledge and resources can be shared between employees in the organization.

Cross-functional collaboration not only benefits the organization through new projects and products but also greatly helps in breaking down silos in the company. When silos are reduced, there is more collaboration between employees, leading to stronger teams, efficient communication and more teamwork in the organization.

What strategies do you use for effective team communication and collaboration?

In order to increase team communication and collaboration, you can use the following strategies:

Discuss the communication strategy

Before starting the communication and collaboration process, it is necessary to sit down with your team and come up with the communication strategy. The team communication strategy will decide what the communication will cover, when it will take place, who are the various members involved in the process and what tool or medium the team is going to use.

Conduct regular meetings and discussions

Meetings and discussions are a great way to interact with team members. It can also be used to track the progress of projects and generate ideas and suggestions. It further helps in problem-solving as well as decision-making. However, too many meetings conducted without proper planning can lead to a collaboration overload in team members.

Create the right work environment

The work environment should support and promote communication and collaboration between employees. This can be in terms of the right workspace which can offer areas to interact and meet with each other. It also needs to be an environment which has great facilities to help employees relax and destress and also mingle with each other.

Interact personally with employees

While meetings and group discussions can help the team members interact with each other, there should also be time allotted for one-on-one interactions. This is particularly between team members and the team leader. These interactions can be highly beneficial for shy or introverted team members who might otherwise be reluctant to open up.

Ask for feedback

Once the communication and collaboration strategies are implemented and enforced in the team, the team members need to be asked for feedback regularly. This can sort out mistakes and loopholes at a faster rate. It can also lead to suggestions which can improve the communication process itself.

What is a communication plan for a company?

A communication plan for a company is basically the information the organization sends out to the public. In this plan, there might be certain objectives and the audience the company wants to target. It can also include the tool or medium to be used to deliver the information. The various elements of a communication plan are:

The purpose of communication

The communication plan should mainly include the main purpose of this strategy. The purpose of the plan defines what the company intends to achieve through the communication. The purpose should be highly specific and clearly understood by all the stakeholders. This will guarantee high commitment and participation in the activity.


The target audience

The target audience is the population that the communication plan is going to reach. This is important as not everyone can be persuaded by the strategy. The company or organization should understand the personas and the mindset of the target audience. More so, it should understand the needs of the audience which can help it deliver the message in a better manner.

The actual content

The content for the communication plan does not only include the message. It can be various forms of the content designated for different platforms. It can be for print, online or social media content, legal documents, etc. It can also include speeches, reports and surveys done by the company. Furthermore, it can also include newsletters and presentations.

The tool for delivery

The tool or medium of delivery denotes how and in what way the message is going to conveyed to the public. Companies can use several types of tools such as social media, blogs, wikis or even podcasts. The delivery has to be planned in a careful manner, considering various factors like the time of the day and the date itself.

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