What are the 20 different branches of psychology?

The current blogspot will be based on the question “what are the 20 different branches of psychology?”. We will discuss the 20 different types of psychology and elaborate on their aspects that are applicable to daily routine. 

What are the 20 different branches of psychology?

Following are the 20 different branches of psychology:

  • Clinical psychology
  • Educational psychology
  • Personality psychology
  • Biopsychology
  • Experimental l psychology
  • Forensic psychology
  • Developmental psychology
  • Organizational psychology
  • Cognitive psychology
  • Sports Psychology
  • Social Psychology
  • Behavior Psychology
  • Health Psychology
  • Military Psychology
  • Abnormal Psychology
  • Health Psychology
  • Evolutionary Psychology
  • Neuropsychology
  • Child Psychology
  • Counseling psychology
  • Cross cultural psychology

Clinical psychology

Clinical psychology is the branch of psychology that is based on mental illnesses. It tends to explore the underlying factors that play a role in development of mental illness over time and is concerned with the treatment of those mental illnesses based on the diagnostic criteria of diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders 5th edition. 

Clinical psychology tends to work for the advocacy of mental health and uplifting the stigmas associated with mental health. It utilizes various interventions and theories to overcome the underlying conflicts of an individual’s life and address the unresolved conflicts.

The clinical psychologists work in clinical setups, hospital settings, rehabilitation centers, drug detox centers and crisis management cells.

Educational psychology

Educational psychology is the  branch of psychology concerned with the application of  psychological interventions in the field of education, it is based on utilizing the principles of learning and motivation to overcome the barriers of students in academics. 

Educational psychology tends to explore the role of teachers, students and parents in the student’s scholastic achievement, it researches the contribution of various environmental factors on the learning outcomes of students. 

Educational psychology also prepares the students for their future lives through providing career counseling sessions in order to help them choose a career path that is related to their inner potential.

Educational psychologists work in schools, colleges and government departments related to educational reforms and policies. They also work in educational setups for special needs children.

Personality psychology

Personality psychology is the branch of psychology related to the study of personality types and the underlying personality traits. It tends to study the various characteristics that are related to personality. 

Personality psychology defines all individuals different from each other on the basis of the underlying traits. The traits are defined in personality psychology as enduring and unique patterns of a person.

Personality psychology works in different departments of human resource to select the best suited person for a significant job, moreover they work in the formulation of various personality assessments tests. They also work in personality assessment centers.

Biopsychology

Biopsychology is the field of psychology related to the impact of the brain, neurons and biological processes on human mind, thoughts and behavior. Biopsychology studies the role of various vitamins, minerals, neurotransmitters and hormones on human thoughts, feelings and behaviors. 

Biopsychology is also related to study the impact of structural malfunctions on the human psyche. Biopsychology is also known as physiological psychology. 

Biopsychologists usually work in medical setups and hospital settings to research and explore the impact of various biological processes on the human psyche.

Experimental  psychology

Experimental psychology is related to the study of the various causes and mediating factors that are related to a change in human thoughts, feelings or behavior. Experimental psychology tends to carry out empirical studies with the involvement of control groups and placebo groups in controlled settings to confirm the validity and reliability of the test results.

Experimental psychologists work in different organizations that are working on human behavior and are manufacturing products for the betterment of human behavior. 

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Forensic psychology

Forensic psychology is a branch of psychology related to the application of psychology to the field of crime and law. Forensic psychology deals with the patterns of human behavior that are asocial and deviant and investigates the various dynamics involved in the crime.

Forensic psychology relates the collected evidence from the crime scene to various dynamics and assumptions on the basis of human behavior theories and inquiries in depth analysis.

Developmental psychology

Developmental psychology is a branch of psychology related to human feelings, behavior and thoughts across the life span. Developmental psychologists study the developmental changes that occur in the human body from the time of conception to death.

The developmental psychologists also study the changes in social, sexual and cognitive skills of a human being across the developmental years.

Organizational psychologyOrganizational psychology is also known as industrial/organizational psychology or occupational psychology. Organizational psychology is concerned with the behavior of humans in the workplace. Itt tends to explore the factors influencing human beings’ workplace behavior and the ways to manage or regulate those behaviors in a healthy way.

Organizational psychology is concerned with the motivation,  workplace autonomy, interpersonal and intrapersonal relations of employees at workplace settings. 

Organizational psychologists work in various companies, various recruitment agencies and also in the personnel recruitment departments of special security forces.

Cognitive psychology

Cognitive psychology is a branch of psychology that is related to the study of mental processes including learning, motivation, language, memory and forgetfulness. Cognitive psychology defines human behavior as a result of the thought processes that guide human feelings and behaviors in routine life.

Cognitive psychologists believe that due to negative thinking and distorted thought patterns it is usually easy for individuals to fall prey to cognitive distortions. The 15 various types of cognitive distortions are related to faulty perceptions of situations and events leading to dysfunctional life . 

Cognitive psychology has elaborated on the use of cognitive behavior therapy to overcome the negative thought patterns and the underlying associated schemas.

Sports Psychology

Sports psychology is the use of psychological findings to understand the behavior of sportsmen in the light of human behavior. It also elaborates the behavior of individuals in the sports ground and in the sports team to analyze their athlete performance,

Sports psychology is concerned with factors like athlete performance, performance anxiety, team relations, social behavior and motivation.

Sports psychologists are usually assigned along the teams of various games and are also specifically employed in olympics.

Social Psychology

Social psychology is the study of individual and group behaviors. The factors behind an individual’s behaviors like conformity, altruism, empathy, interpersonal relations and emotional regulation are usually an area of concern behind the study of social psychologists.

Social psychologists are concerned with the fact that human feelings and behaviors in a group can be modified and changed for better results of the group performance. It works with human perception of events and situations within the context of the group that they belong to. 

Behavior Psychology

Behavior psychology is a branch of psychology that is concerned with the observation, analysis and adaptation of human behavior across various situations. Behavior psychology is based on the behaviorist school of thought. 

Behavior psychology believes that human behaviors are observable and measurable. Behavior is a direct response to a stimulus that can be managed and changed accordingly through manipulation of the stimulus. 

Behavior psychology is focused on various techniques of behaviorism known as applied behavior analysis, systematic desensitization, flooding and exposure response prevention.

Health Psychology

Health psychology is a branch of psychology that is related to the  study of holistic health of humans. It tends to study the effect of biological, social, spiritual and mental health of the individual on their thoughts, feelings and behaviors.

The holistic approach to health in health psychology advocates that for a functional life, the human needs are to be fulfilled on the all four broad aspects of health and a deficiency in anyone might disturb the efficiency of human functioning in whole.

Military Psychology

Military psychology is a branch of psychology concerned with the psychology of army men in war fields and combat zones. It is the study of human behavior at peace and at war situations. 

Military psychology tends to use psychological study to shape the behavior of military men and advocate resilience and strength amazon them. It is concerned with building  capacity, providing training opportunities, motivation, readiness of military men and stress management.

Abnormal Psychology

Abnormal psychology is a branch of psychology related to behavior that is against accepted and expected behavior of individuals in a society. Abnormal psychology tends to study and explore the various factors related to thoughts, behaviors and emotions that portray abnormal behavior among individuals. 

Abnormal psychology also studies the asocial and delinquent behaviors and the reasons behind development of such behaviors among individuals. It aims to find out the various patterns that might highlight a tendency of  mental illness.

Evolutionary Psychology

Evolutionary psychology tends to study the psychological aspects of human evolution from its early forms and ancestors. It is a study of the earliest forms of mankind and the changes through which mankind evolved to its current physical state. 

Evolution psychology studies the impact of evolution on the mental processes, behaviors and feelings of human beings. It views human changes in behavior and adaptation to the environment through the lens of evolution from earliest forms.

Neuropsychology

Neuropsychology is the branch of psychology that connects the two broad areas of neurology and psychology. Neuropsychology studies the neurons, nervous system and the brain including neurochemicals to identify their effect on human behavior.

Neuropsychology also studies the various factors behind neurodevelopmental disorders and the various ways that the neurodevelopmental disorders affect our social, emotional and occupational life.

Neuropsychology is also related to the study of cognitive processes as a function of the nervous system and the behavioral control. 

Child Psychology

Child psychology is the study of behaviors and dynamics of childhood. It is related to the study of manipulating parenting styles and the environmental stimuli to positively influence child development and upbringing.

Child psychology is greatly concerned with parenting management and the research of how various parenting styles influence the behavior of children in various ways.

Child psychology is concerned with the developmental of behavior and mental processes of children from the period of prenatal year to adolescence.

Counseling psychology

Counseling psychology is a branch of psychology related to the promotion of wellness among individuals. It aims at counseling individuals to overcome their daily life stress and emotional insecurities.

Counseling psychology is usually based on various counselling techniques to enable individuals identify and resolve the problem area with a greater concern on the here and now. 

Counseling psychologists help individuals with the challenges of physical, emotional and mental health across various life phases.

Cross cultural psychology

Cross cultural psychology is the branch of psychology related to the variations and similarities of cultures . it tends to explore the traditions, languages, values , customs and ethics across various cultures that define the sociodemographic values of those cultures.

Cross cultural psychology helps us to understand the ways that culture affects human behaviors. It is also concerned with the differences in the behavior and life dynamics of natives of a culture from the emigrants.

Conclusion

The current blogspot discussed the 20 different branches of psychology. We learned the details of various types of psychology and the application of the various types of psychology in routine life. 

Frequently asked questions : 20 different branches of psychology

How many branches of psychology do we have?

Psychology has various different branches related to its application across various fields of psychology. The major types of psychology are :

  • Clinical psychology
  • Cognitive Psychology
  • Child Psychology
  • Abnormal psychology
  • Military Psychology
  • Organizational psychology
  • Educational psychology
  • Biopsychology

What are the most popular branches of psychology?

The most popular branches of psychology are :

  • Clinical psychology
  • Counseling psychology
  • Behavioral psychology
  • Biopsychology
  • Cognitive Psychology

Which is the oldest branch of psychology?

Psychoanalysis is the oldest branch of psychology. It dates back to the early times of Freud. It believes the unconscious mind to be responsible for personality dynamics.

Which is the pure branch of psychology?

Pure branch of psychology is related to the formulation of theories for understanding of human behavior, personality and thoughts.

Citations

https://www.verywellmind.com/major-branches-of-psychology-4139786#cross-cultural-psychology

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