What are the 10 branches of psychology?

The current blogspot will be based on the question “what are the 10 branches of psychology?”. We will learn about the 10 branches of psychology and discuss their details related to characteristics of each branch and its application. 

What are the 10 branches of psychology?

Following are the 10 branches of psychology :

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Cognitive Psychology
  • Counseling Psychology
  • Developmental Psychology
  • Educational Psychology
  • Experimental Psychology
  • Forensic Psychology
  • Occupational Psychology
  • Health Psychology
  • Biopsychology

Clinical Psychology

Clinical psychology is a branch of psychology that is based on the assessment and evaluation of human thoughts , feelings and behaviors in order to identify and recognize the mental illnesses on the bases of the diagnostic criterion based in Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders.

The clinical psychologists tentatively diagnose the distorted functioning patterns of human beings and try to provide treatment on the basis of various underlying therapeutic interventions and counseling strategies.

Clinical psychology has its application in the advocacy and promotion of awareness regarding mental health illnesses and mental health issues at all levels. The clinical psychologists work in clinics, hospitals, medical setups, rehabilitation centers, drug rehabilitation centers, special children units and special forces medical facilitation centers to provide their skills in order to focus on the well being of humanity.

Cognitive Psychology

Cognitive psychology is a branch of psychology that is focused on the study of mental processes. Cognitive psychology states that human behavior is not only observable and measurable aspect of personality rather the human behavior is determined and based on a number of mental processes including the following :

  • Learning
  • Motivation
  • Memory
  • Language
  • Thinking
  • Reasoning
  • Problem Solving
  • Perception

The cognitive psychologists conduct various experiments in order to understand the role of human perceptions and thinking on the routine life of humans. Based on the experimentations and findings of cognitive psychologists, Aron Beck postulated cognitive behavior therapy.

The aim behind cognitive behavior theory is to find out the effect of automatic negative thoughts on the individual’s thinking pattern and to make the person identify the various cognitive distortions by psychoeducating the client about the 15 cognitive distortions and thus working towards cognitive restructuring to change the negative schemas of the client.

Counseling Psychology

Counseling psychology is a branch of psychology that focuses on the wellness of the human kind. It tends to provide solution focused sessions to clients to overcome the barriers in their healthy functioning. 

Counseling psychology uses counseling interventions from various schools of thoughts to provide supportive work to the client to overcome their problem area. A counseling psychologist usually works with people based on their emotional anxieties. 

A counseling psychologist differs from a clinical psychologist as the clinical psychologist is related to diagnosis and treatment of the patients whereas a counseling psychologist helps people overcome their stress related to emotions.

Counselors are basically working in various fields of life. They are hired in organizations as wellness counselors, in schools as school counselors, in courts as relationship counselors, in trauma centers as grief counselors and so on.

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Developmental Psychology

Developmental psychology is a branch of psychology that is related to the study of developmental changes in human behavior, thoughts, mental processes, perceptions and emotions across the life span. 

Developmental psychologists tend to study human behavior from the time of womb to the time of death. They determine the significant changes in human beings across various transition phases of life.

The developmental psychologists study the milestones achievement of each phase of life and how well an individual achieves the milestones. They also study and determine the various causes behind the developmental delays of individuals. 

The strategies and interventions to overcome the developmental delays are also studied in developmental psychology to focus on the inclusion of the children in the community and integrate them well.

The developmental psychologists are mostly hired at the neonatal centers, the children rehab centers and the special school setups.

Educational Psychology

Educational  psychology is a branch of psychology that works within the educational settings to fulfill its aim of improving the learning outcomes by working on the various factors that have an influence over the learning of children at educational setups.

Educational psychologists work with the motivation and learning of achievements considering their need for achievement and the opportunities available to them to strengthen their academics.

Educational psychologists also work on the various problematic areas of student life like bullying, nepotism, learning disorders, adjustment issues and student teacher conflicts. 

The role of teachers, the various ways of interacting with children to maximize learning outcomes and research related to the student’s motivating factors are also an imported arena of educational psychology. 

Working with the children having symptoms of ADHD, Autism, Dyslexia and learning disorders is also an implication of educational psychology.

Experimental Psychology

Experimental psychology is a branch of psychology that deals with the study of finding qualitative and quantitative relations between various factors that determine the effect of various factors on human behavior and emotions. 

Experimental psychology uses control methods to determine the cause and effect relationship among various factors. Thus the chances of error and false predictability are minimized. 

The sole aim of experimental psychologists is to conduct and publish research by contributing their findings for the betterment of human life experiences by working on their behaviors. 

Usually the experimental psychologists conduct research studies the findings of which can be easily generalized on greater populations and are not biased and based on any preconceived notions.

The experimental psychologists often give rise to more theories and revise the previous theories by providing them through vaiors expemriental methods.

Forensic Psychology

Forensic psychology is a branch of psychology that is based on the interaction of the legal system and psychology. The psychological theory and principles are applied to the legal system for better fulfilling the justice system in accordance with human psyche, behavior and emotions. 

Forensic psychology is based on training police and legal system professionals on criminal handling and training police officers along with first responders to interact effectively.

Forensic psychologists work in legal systems and threat assessments for various criminals. 

Occupational Psychology

Occupational psychology is a branch of psychology that deals with the industrial and organizational implications of psychological findings. Occupational psychology tends to maximize the productivity of employees by working on the factors that improve employees relationships at the workplace, have an effect on their work motivation, have an effect on their productivity and provide them with opportunities to overcome stress in routine life.

Occupational psychologists are also known as industrial organizational psychologists. One of the important areas for occupational psychologists is to balance the work life and personal life of employees while maintaining productivity at both ends.

Health Psychology

Health psychology is a branch of psychology that deals with the holistic view of health. It is concerned with the study of biological, social, emotional and spiritual factors that have an effect on the person’s psychological makeup including thoughts, behaviors and feelings. 

Health psychology is based on the biopsychosocial model. The hea;lt psychologists help the individuals to make choices in life that have a positive impact on their life and have a direct impact on their well being. 

Health psychologists usually take part in advocacy campaigns to raise awareness about various life choices that have an impact upon the wellbeing of individuals.

For example, the health psychologists work with the families of drug addicts to raise awareness about the various life choices that can help them improve the quality of life of the whole family.

Biopsychology

Biopsychology is a branch of psychology  that deals with the study of interaction of the biology of humans and its impact on psychology. Biological psychology determines the role of various nutrients, hormones and neurotransmitters that affect our emotions and behaviors.

Frequently asked questions (FAQs): what are the 10 branches of psychology?

What are the 10 types of psychology?

The 10 types of psychology are as follows :

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Cognitive Psychology
  • Counseling Psychology
  • Developmental Psychology
  • Educational Psychology
  • Experimental Psychology
  • Forensic Psychology
  • Occupational Psychology
  • Health Psychology
  • Biopsychology

What are the 13 branches of psychology?

Following are the 13 branches of psychology :

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Cognitive Psychology
  • Counseling Psychology
  • Developmental Psychology
  • Educational Psychology
  • Experimental Psychology
  • Forensic Psychology
  • Occupational Psychology
  • Health Psychology
  • Biopsychology
  • Evolution psychology
  • Criminal psychology
  • Sports psychology

How many official branches of psychology are there?

Following are the 5 official branches of psychology :

  • Clinical psychology
  • Educational Psychology
  • Experimental Psychology
  • Developmental Psychology
  • Organizational Psychology

 

 

What are the 7 types of psychology?

Following are the 7 types of psychology :

  • Biological Psychology
  • Learning Psychology
  • Cognitive Psychology
  • Socio Cultural Psychology
  • Psycho dynamic Psychology
  • Humanistic Psychology
  • Evolutionary Psychology

Citations

https://online.king.edu/news/major-branches-of-psychology-guide/
https://www.verywellmind.com/major-branches-of-psychology-4139786
https://science.jrank.org/pages/5564/Psychology-Ten-main-fields-psychology.html
https://science.jrank.org/pages/5564/Psychology-Ten-main-fields-psychology.html

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