In this article, we will answer the question “what are eating disorder worksheets about?” and look at various eating disorders, causes of eating disorders and eating disorder treatment.
What are eating disorder worksheets about?
Eating disorder worksheets seek to educate people on the types of eating disorders, their causes, and treatment methods. This information is vital for everyone to know in order to strengthen the fight against eating disorders and the negative consequences associated with them.
What are eating disorders?
Eating disorders are mental illnesses characterized by abnormal eating habits, and complex and damaging relationships between food, exercise and body image that impairs physical and mental health.
Eating disorders are also known to cause death. In fact, about one person dies every hour as a direct result of an eating disorder. (Eating Disorders Coalition, 2016)
Common eating disorders include pica, rumination, avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder, anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and binge eating.
Types of eating disorders
According to the Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders fifth edition (DSM-5) there are six types of eating disorders. Obesity is no longer included as an eating disorder since it results from long-term excess of energy intake relative to energy expenditure.
A range of genetics, physiological, behavioural, and environmental factors that vary across individuals contribute to the development of obesity; thus, obesity is not a mental disorder. (Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders fifth edition 2013).
The six eating disorders are;
- Rumination disorder
- Avoidant/ restrictive food intake disorder
- Anorexia nervosa
- Bulimia nervosa
- Binge eating
Pica is a feeding and eating disorder characterized by eating non-nutritive non-food substances such as ice, clay, soil, paper and stones. Can be caused by nutrition deficiencies, pregnancy, stress and cultural factors.
It is an eating disorder characterized by spitting up digested or partially digested food from the stomach, re-chewing the food and either re-swallowing or spitting it out. It tends to occur within 30 minutes of every meal. The causes of rumination remain unknown.
Avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder.
Formally referred to as selective eating disorder, is an eating disorder characterized by intense restriction or selection of food consumed. Unlike anorexia nervosa, people with this eating disorder are not interested in their body image, shape or size.
Is a severe eating disorder characterized by abnormal body weight, distorted body image, and unwarranted fear of gaining weight. In order to prevent weight gain, anorexic people try to control their body weight by vomiting food, using laxatives, diet aids, and excessive exercise.
Common symptoms include extreme low body weight, dizziness, insomnia, fatigue, dry skin, hair that easily falls off, preoccupation with food, skipping meals, refusing to eat, denying hunger, complaints of being overweight, measuring weight often and lying about the quantity of food taken.
Causes include; biological factors such as genes, psychological factors such as temperaments and environmental factors such as societal demands.
Usually begins during the teenage and early adulthood years. It is more common in women than in men.
Anorexia is the most deadly mental illness. One study found that people with anorexia are 56 times more likely to commit suicide than people without an eating disorder. (Eating Disorders Coalition, 2016).
Is a mental disorder characterized by binge eating (consuming large quantities of food over a short period of time) followed by calorie reducing strategies such as purging (induced vomiting), fasting or excessive exercise.
Bulimia is a severe life-threatening eating disorder. Symptoms include; binge eating, vomiting, self-harm, fatigue, dehydration, avoiding food, irregular and absence of menstruation, constipation, heartburn and guilt.
Causes include genetic factors, psychological factors such as personality, dieting and societal pressure.
Binge eating disorder.
Binge eating is an eating disorder characterized by consuming large amounts of food over a short period of time, and feelings of being unable to stop eating even when full. It is the most common eating disorder with a prevalence of 5.5%.
Symptoms include; eating large amounts of food over a short period of time, eating even when not hungry, feeling that your eating behaviour is out of control, eating until you are uncomfortably full, eating in secret, eating alone and feelings of depression and guilt.
Unlike people with bulimia, binge eaters are not concerned with weight reduction through vomiting, using laxatives or excessive exercise and can thus suffer from other physical conditions such as obesity.
It is more common in women than in men and usually begins during early adulthood. Causes include dieting and psychological issues such as depression and low self-esteem.
5 eating disorder worksheets
Cognitive-behavioral therapy can be used to diagnose motives for eating disorders, including underlying feelings and emotions fuelling eating disorders.
Below is a simple CBT eating disorder therapy worksheet
The objective of this worksheet is to help you identify how your thoughts and feelings affect your behaviour.
You shall begin by identifying factors that activate your eating disorder (triggers), record the thoughts your experience after you are triggered, your feelings and how you behave after being triggered.
|Eating disorder triggers||Thoughts triggered||Feelings and emotions triggered by these thoughts.||Behavioral consequences as a result of eating disorder thoughts.|
Below is a CBT worksheet. In this worksheet, you will identify your eating disorder triggers (stimuli that can activate negative feelings or behaviour). You will then identify the negative or irrational thoughts, feelings and behaviours that follow.
Finally, explore healthy coping skills you can use to manage the negative feelings and behaviour.
|Eating disorder triggers||Thoughts triggered||Feelings and emotions triggered by these thoughts.||Behavioral consequences because of eating disorder thoughts.||Coping strategies you can use to cope with eating disorder thoughts.|
|Fried food||I have the money to buy more food. I’m sure I’ll make more money to replace the used money.||Hunger, cravings and guilt||Buy a bucket of chicken nuggets and finish them in ten minutes||Avoid fast-food joints, use thought blocking techniques such as shouting STOP! In my thoughts.|
The following worksheet is a CBT thought challenging worksheet. A major aspect of eating disorders is the negative and irrational thoughts that sustain the unwanted behaviour. For example, I am too fat. Nobody will like me.
To overcome feeding and eating disorders, one needs to dispute such thoughts and replace them with positive and rational thoughts.
|Eating disorder triggers||Thoughts triggered.||Are the thoughts based on facts or feelings?||What is the evidence for and against these thoughts?||What do others have to say about these thoughts?||What alternative rational and positive thoughts can you use to replace these thoughts?|
The following worksheet is an exercise meant to boost your self worth and esteem. This is because most persons suffering from feeding and eating disorders tend to suffer from low self-esteem and self-worth.
Healthy levels of esteem and worth can ensure that you feel good about yourself and, therefore, no need to take unhealthy drastic measures to maintain body image and shape.
To use the worksheet, explore the things that you are grateful for. Included in this exercise is a strength exploration worksheet.
ABC GRATITUDE Worksheet
On this worksheet, you have been provided with a list of all alphabets.
You are to write something you are grateful for that begins with that alphabet. For example A- I am grateful for Affection.
|List 4 strengths you possess||List 4 things you are good at||List 4 things you have accomplished to this date.|
Eating disorders coping strategies
When you are exposed to your eating disorders triggers, do the following:
- Take three deep breaths
- Go for a 3 minutes walk
- Name 3 things that you can see
- Count from 0 to 100 and then 100 to 0
- Move three parts of your body
- Name 3 sounds you can hear
- Name 5 things that you can see
- Name 4 things you can hear
- Name 3 things you can smell
- Name 2 things you can feel
- Name 1 thing you can taste
When feeling shame and other negative feelings
Make a list of your strengths
Make a list of what you are good at
Use positive affirmation e.g. I am wonderfully made.
Talk to a friend you trust
Engage in an activity you enjoy such as a sport, art and music
Make a list of the things you are grateful for.
In this article, we discussed eating disorders, the six types of eating disorders, and their causes, provided you with eating disorder worksheets and a list of coping skills you can use to manage eating disorders.
We hope this information was useful to you and those around you. If you have any questions or comments, please let us know.
Frequently asked questions: Eating disorder worksheets
What are five signs that someone may have an eating disorder?
some common warning signs to watch out for include:
- Alterations in Weight
- Preoccupation With Body Image
- Disruptions in Eating Patterns
- Preoccupation With Nutritional Content
- Changes in Exercise Patterns
- Mood Fluctuations
What are 3 examples of disordered eating behaviors?
Signs and symptoms of disordered eating may include, but are not limited to:
- Frequent dieting, anxiety associated with specific foods or meal skipping.
- Chronic weight fluctuations.
- Rigid rituals and routines surrounding food and exercise.
- Feelings of guilt and shame associated with eating. (Anderson, 2018)
What are 3 warning signs of bulimia?
- Episodes of binge eating.
- Self-induced vomiting.
- Smelling like vomit.
What are the three forms of treatment for anorexia?
Treatment for anorexia nervosa includes;
- Cognitive behavioural therapy
- Dialectical behavioural therapy
- Acceptance and commitment therapy
American Psychiatric Association, (2013). Eating disorders in Diagnostic and statistical manual for mental disorders (5th edition). American Psychiatric Association.
Anderson, M. (2018, October 26). What Is Disordered Eating? Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. Retrieved July 23, 2022, from https://www.eatright.org/health/diseases-and-conditions/eating-disorders/what-is-disordered-eating
Clinical Worksheets. (2022, February 15). ABC Gratitude Worksheet. ABC Gratitude Worksheet. Retrieved July 23, 2022, from https://clinicalworksheets.com/abc-gratitude-worksheet/
Single care team. ( february, 15, 2022). Eating disorder statistics 2022. The check up by single care. Retrieved from https://www.singlecare.com/blog/news/eating-disorder-statistics/
Weir. K. (April, 2016). New insight on eating disorders. American Psychological Association (vol 47 no.4 page 36). Retrieved from https://www.apa.org/monitor/2016/04/eating-disorders