Turpan Depression (A Comprehensive Guide)

Turpan depression which is also known as the Turfan depression is actually restricted or linked with the cities that are located on the south side of china.

It is also known as the mildest form of the depression in the universe and found in those areas of China that are extremely dry and have burning temperatures in the summer.

After you’re done reading about Turpan depression, you can learn more about depressions by knowing about the Dankil depression.

Geology and relief

Turpan Depression, basin profound highland in the independent region of Xinjiang known as Uygur at the adjacent northwest in china.

Turpan Depression is also considered as the error channel in the downward at least 508 feet underneath the sea level which is also known as the lowest point of the china.

On the other hand, the nearby areas such as the Tarim River and Lop Nur can be viewed as directly above from the sea level ( 2000 and 3000 feet).

The total area of the basin is 20,000 square miles or 50,000 square kilometers.

The north of Bogda Mountains and the northern part of the Kuruktag have a basin line that actually points out to the south direction.

Qoltag Mountains that are actually known as the main error of the formulation of the Turpan depression also have the capability to split the basin into two separate parts.

At the bottom of Bogda range, the region formulated by the northern section can be viewed the areas is situated at the directly above of the sea level such as it is above from about 500 feet or 150 meters and with the help of vertical shaped gap like canyons it drains to the side of lesser southern depression.

The subordinate basin that gained attention due to the enduring stream in history also angles toward the south of a salt wetland stream known as the Adding.

In short, the basin is completely moistened in two ways either it is related to the north side such as taking advantage of the surface water or utilizing the south areas by focusing on a Persian method of expanding channel ways that are linked with the underground water comes from the developed or sophisticated areas.

This area is well-known for having the boundless weather excesses such as the normal temperature during the month is recorded as 14°F in the month of January and 90°F in the month of July.

Although, a number of discrepancies can be viewed in the daily temperature of this area. In China the highest temperature was recorded in its city of Turpan at 118°F.

Turpan is located in the northern section of the basin and the least temperature was recorded in Fuyun as -62°F which is actually not far away from the Turpan. 

The actual rate of rainfall is a maximum of 0.6-1.2 inches per year which is very low.

The major difficulty for the people living in the area of the basin is the climate extremes and hot windblown beaches.

Although the basin is famous due to the agriculture capacity, it also gained familiarity due to its specific fruits such as grapes and Hami in Turpan depression.

The people who are living in the areas of Uighur are Muslims in the majority. 

The oil-field in Turpan is not only limited to this area but also expands to the adjunct point to the east.

The Hami basin is actually taking the responsibility of inhabiting an economy such as the main products including cotton, mulberry trees, almonds, fruits (grapes and melon), and social development because it has the resources of petroleum and natural gas.

China has more than 100 varieties of grapes that are cultivated in the various areas of its land. It is also viewed that the grapes as compared to other fruits occupied 90% of their agriculture.

In the 1980s the industry started to make progress day by day such as plants started to produce chemical foods, the material necessary for making a building, textile industry, and also the mines of coal and salt have become reputable.

Turpan’s depression and its nearby areas are awarded as the historical place and cultural city by its government such as Jiaohe (part of the Gaochang region) and the Bezeklik Thousand Buddha Caves are the major points that gain the attention of the travelers.

History

Gaochang is the prehistoric city and also an important plug for the old Silk Road that points out to the past decades such as the 1st century.

This city actually faced harmful consequences in the 14th century BC because it is burnt down as a result of various wars taking place in this area.

At the location of Flaming Mountains the Bezeklik Thousand Buddha Caves can be viewed in Mutou Valley that is actually 30 kilometers away from the east of the Turpan city.

The caves are famous due to their unique wall paintings that can be seen even today in at least 40 out of the 77 caves in that area.

The temperature in the desert areas can be seen as the safeguard of the ancient tombs such as Astana-karakhoja that is located in the nearby areas of the Gaochang city or far from 6 kilometers from the Gaochang city.

The tombs are actually the graveyard of the most respected people such as administrators and those who were buried at this place during the period of the Western Jin Dynasty.

Which ended at the center of the Tang Dynasty period.

In ancient times, Turpan depression was a border between the travelers of the north and the people who are the inhabitants of Xinjiang.

The power of Goachang city was destroyed by the Tang dynasty by sending 640 western trips.

After the withdrawal of Tang a number of small organizations established at that point and remain there for some centuries.

Eventually, in the 13th century Mongols dominated the whole area as a result Turpan gained success as they never achieved before.

After the breakdown of Mongols dominance, the Turpan Depression was parted into three different and independent countries.

At the early stages of the 15th century Turpan depression became the most important state. During the period of the Qing Dynasty and Dzungars Turkana depression is considered the most important area.

1759 is known as the year in which a Chinese territory was developed in excess of Turpan depression.

This area is dominated by Muslims and the new Chinese city was established known as Guang’an afterward the old Muslim community.

The new city replaced the old cities rules, traditions also ruling the area till today.

In the year of 1912 Turpan depression was given the status of a separate region and changed in 1984.

Climate

The Turpan depression is also recognized as a harsh climate that exists only in those continents which are based on the desert and the climate matches with the continental desert climate.

It has been called that in those areas the rainfall and smooth environment are less existing as well as the other areas.

The reason for the less existing environment is due to the lack of potential environmental evaporation.

The evaporation process is well known among all the individuals who have the knowledge about the environment.

In the Turpan city, the month which is highly considered hot and the temperature is reached at the highest degree is the month of July.

In this month the temperature will be most probably are around 32.2-degree centigrade which is equivalent to the 90.0 F. the other aspect to known is important is that to know about the coldest month of the Turpan depression, which is the month of January, in which the temperature will be around or approximately about 2.9 millimeters which is approximately 0.11 in the meters.

Furthermore, the lowest temperatures are recorded in the month of February and the month of April.

The average temperature of these two months will be around or approximately 0.5mm and 0.020 F recorded.

It is also called that the annual average temperature of the degree in which the rainfall of this area exists is about 15.7 mm which is around 0.62 in.

The rainfall recited and before mention temperature is only recorded is around 13 days per year and not more than 13 days are found any record about this.

This report is based on the china environmental center which they check on a monthly or yearly basis.

Other than the information it is also great knowledge to know that in this area the potential rainfall evaporation rate is only till 3,000 mm which is 3,000 meter.

Because of its climate, the area is sometimes counted as one of the Furnaces of China, although the locations included under this heading vary.

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FAQ about Turpan Depression 

What is Turpan most famous for producing?

Although the basin is famous due to the agriculture capacity, it also gained familiarity due to its specific fruits such as grapes and Hami in Turpan depression.

The Hami basin actually takes the responsibility of inhabiting an economy such as the main products including cotton, mulberry trees, almonds, fruits (grapes and melon), and social development because it has the resources of petroleum and natural gas.

In the 1980s the industry started to make progress day by day such as plants started to produce chemical foods, the material necessary for making a building, textile industry, and also the mines of coal and salt have become reputable.

China has more than 100 varieties of grapes that are cultivated in the various areas of its land.

It is also viewed that the grapes as compared to other fruits occupied 90% of their agriculture. 

What was Turpan called in ancient times?

The city was previously known as Gushi during the period of the Western Han Dynasty from 206 BC to 24 AD.

But in the era of Ming Dynasty from 1368 to 1644, the name of the city replace with the Turpan depression which has a different meaning in different language such as the meaning of Turpan is consider as the lowest place in the Uygur language but it has the different meaning such as “the most fertilize part of the earth” in the Turkish language. 

What is the religion of China?

China is one of those countries that allow people to live and follow the guideline which is provided by their children.

China gives the freedom to its people to adopt their religion without having any fear of being killed or disliked by the Chinese.

Moreover, there are four different religions that are practice in china such as Buddhism, Taoism, Islam and the last one is Christianity.

Today the concept of religion is important all over the world and the people who belong to some other religion don’t create hindrance in each other.

But in the case of china one thing that is important to consider is that although there are four different religions that are practiced by a number of people, none of them have the power of dominance over others.

Turpan Depression (A Comprehensive Guide)

References

Britannica.com: “place Turpan depression”

China.org.com: “English Turpan depression”

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