In this article, you are going to find advice on how to fill an SSCS1 form, by explaining each section of the notice of appeal.
Notice of appeal against a decision of the DWP
A notice of appeal against a decision of the Department for Work and Pensions (SSCS1 form) should be used in order to appeal against a decision made about social security benefits such as PIP or ESA.
The SSCS1 form was released in order to ensure that the appellant will provide all the necessary evidence to help their case.
Can I appeal a PIP decision?
You can appeal a PIP decision if the law gives you a right of appeal.
Not every decision made by the DWP regarding social security benefits carries a right of appeal.
After mandatory reconsideration, you will receive an official letter with the DWP’s decision.
That letter should state whether you have the right to appeal.
The Department for Work and Pensions is legally obliged to provide you with that information.
You will find in the decision letter what the DWP has decided about your case and whether they are giving you the right to appeal or not.
If they negate you the right to appeal their decision, it is not all lost.If you firmly believe and have the evidence to prove that the DWP has made a mistake, you should send your PIP appeal form directly to HMCTS.
Afterward, if the tribunal ruled that you do not have the right to appeal against that decision, your appeal ends there.
Should I appeal a PIP decision?
If you should appeal a PIP decision is a decision only you can make.
You can always ask for advice regarding your case from a Citizens Advice Bureau, welfare rights service, advice center, law center, solicitor or trade union. In the end, however, the choice is yours.
The PIP appeal form
HMCTS recommends that you use a standard appeal form to make your appeal.
TheSSCS1 it’s a step-by-step process that is meant to help you structure all of the information and evidence about your case.
The DWP has made an official guide on how to fill the appeal form.
Below you will find some excerpts from the guide, but you can find it in full here.
Form SSCS should be completed using BLOCK CAPITALS and a black ink pen.
These are two requirements that will ensure your details are written correctly and all the information is clear and visible when the form is photocopied.
About the decision you are appealing against
The law states that you can only appeal against certain decisions and that you must include a copy of the mandatory reconsideration notice with the appeal.
This section helps you make sure you do not forget to do that.
In section 1 you have to:
- Tick the box to show that you are enclosing a copy of the mandatory reconsideration notice
- Tick the box to show if your decision letter says that you have the right to appeal.
“You” in this case, is referring to the person who the mandatory reconsideration notice was addressed to, the person who is making the appeal.
The details you have to give are:
- Your title (Mr., Mrs, Mss.)
- First name(s) and surname
- Your date of birth
- Your national insurance number
- Your address
- Your daytime phone number
- Your mobile phone number (if you have one).
About a person you are appealing on behalf of
You only need to complete this section if you are appealing on behalf of someone whose affairs you are looking after.
This could be your child or an adult who is unable to manage their benefits for themselves.
If the person is an adult, you must have been formally appointed to act on their behalf by DWP, or by a court, because of the person’s condition.
If you are just helping the person with their appeal in an informal arrangement, you will be acting as their representative and will need to complete Section 4 instead.
Section 3 should only be used to record the details of a person who you have a legal responsibility for.
About the representative
Not everyone has a representative and if you do not have one you can skip this section and move straight to Section 5.
If you have a representative, he or she does not have to be legally qualified.
It could be anyone, a friend or a family member, but bear in mind that your representative will be provided with evidence relevant to the appeal, such as medical reports which you may consider confidential.
About the reason for your appeal
- Grounds for appeal. Here you should write down the reasons why you think the decision the DWP made is wrong. The more specific you are, the easier it is for the tribunal to understand what your concerns and issues are.
- Is your appeal in time? You have to confirm whether your appeal is in time or not. Your appeal will be considered late if it is received in HMCTS more than one calendar month after the date on the Mandatory Reconsideration Notice. If your appeal is late, or if it will be late by the time HMCTS receive it, you must provide reasons why it is late.
About your choice of hearing
At an oral hearing, you will be given the opportunity to meet the tribunal and put forward your case in person and to answer any questions the tribunal may have.
The alternative to an oral hearing is having your case decided by the tribunal without a hearing.
The tribunal will consider your letter of appeal, any supporting evidence you have provided and the DWP’s response to your appeal.
HMCTS refers to this as having ‘a PAPER hearing’.
A paper hearing will take place if all parties agree to it and no-one has asked for an oral hearing.
An oral hearing will only be arranged if:
- You specifically ask for an oral hearing, or
- DWP asks for an oral hearing, or
- The tribunal itself decides that an oral hearing would be more appropriate than deciding the case on the papers.
About your needs and requirements
If you do not want an oral hearing, you should skip this section.
- Your availability – You should write down here any dates or times you would be unavailable for a hearing since you won’t be available for the day of the hearing.
- Your needs – Inform the tribunal of any particular needs you may have. This might be something like a hearing loop or special requirements because of a disability or mobility issue.
- Your signer/interpreter and language requirements – Do you require an interpreter to assist you at the hearing?
- Your notice of hearing – The law requires HMCTS to give you a minimum of 14 days’ notice of your hearing. This gives you enough time to prepare for your hearing, but it also prevents HMCTS from offering you a hearing date which becomes available at short notice because of, for example, a cancellation.
It is a legal requirement for your PIP appeal form to be signed.
If you do not sign your appeal form, HMCTS may have to return the appeal to you for you to sign it.
Where to send your PIP appeal form
If you live in England or Wales, you should send the SSCS1 form to HMCTS SSCS Appeals Centre in Bradford.
If you live in Scotland, you should send your appeal form to HMCTS SSCS Appeals Centre in Glasgow.
If you are living overseas, you should send your appeal form to the HMCTS office which would normally handle your appeal based on
- Your point of entry into Great Britain if you have opted for an oral hearing, or
- The place where you were previously resident in Great Britain if you do not intend to attend a hearing.
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The SSCS1 form in the form someone should use when appealing against a decision made by the Department for Work and Pensions about the PIP benefit.
Someone can appeal if the law gives them the right to appeal.
Not every decision made by the DWP carries a right of appeal.
In the official letter with the DWP’s decision, it must be specified whether the claimant has a right of appeal against that decision.
This is a legal requirement placed upon the Department for Work and Pensions.
Some places such as Citizens Advice Bureau, welfare rights service, a solicitor or trade union can give more advice, whether there is a strong case.
Please feel free to comment on the content or ask any questions in the comments section below.
FAQ about an SSCS1 form (PIP appeal form)
What is an SSCS1 form?
An SSCS1 form is used to appeal against a decision made by the Department for Work and Pensions about social security benefits such as PIP or ESA.
Where can I get an SSCS1 form from?
You can get copies of SSCS1 forms from justice. gov. appeals.
Search SSCS1 form and you should be able to find a copy right away.
What do HMCTS do?
What the HM Courts & Tribunals Service does is having responsibility for the administration of criminal, civil and family courts and tribunals in England and Wales.
HMCTS is sponsored by the Ministry of Justice.
Do you have to pay for a tribunal?
You don’t have to pay for a tribunal hearing when you are appealing against a DWP decision.
What does HMCTS mean?
HMCTS means: Her Majesty’s Courts and Tribunals Service.
An executive agency, sponsored by the Ministry of Justice.
How do I appeal my PIP decision?
Use the SSCS1 form and the letter generated by our Mandatory Reconsideration Tool to ask for an appeal.
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