Personality trait list (five-factor theory traits & sub traits)

In this brief guide, we will be discussing the topic: positive personality traits. We will be listing out the various types of personality traits and the unique characteristics of each one of them. We will also be answering certain questions related to personality and character traits, at the end of the article.

Personality trait list

Before we delve into the details of personality traits, here is a list of the most well-known personality traits, among which all of us possess two or more:

  • Openness
  • Conscientiousness
  • Extraversion
  • Agreeableness
  • neuroticism

Personality traits refer to a range of distinctive personal qualities and attributes of a character. These traits are mostly reflected in the outer action so a character that defines our conception about them as a person. They indicate the external personality of the character or the physicality of the character. 

These traits are highly subjective and are indicative of the outer appearance and behavior of the character. They reflect the characteristic behavior patterns, thoughts, and feelings of a particular individual.  Trait psychology is based on the idea that people differ from one another concerning the set of traits they possess. This can also vary from time to time and depending upon the situation. 

Personality traits reflect continuous distribution instead of distinct personality types. 

Criteria for personality traits

Three criteria exist which characterize personality traits. They are as follows:


For an individual to be said to be possessing a particular trait, he or she should be consistent in their behaviors across various situations. There should not be much of a discrepancy in the expression of the trait in different situations or surroundings. For instance, if a person is said to be introverted and quiet at home, then they must exhibit the same behavior in another situation as well. 


Individuals who express a particular trait must also be stable in the expression of that particular trait and the behaviors related to it, over time. The stability must not waver to a great extent and must not change from time to time. For instance, if someone is talkative at the age of twenty they must remain the same at least for a year or so. 

Individual differences

No one person is the same as the other. Every human being possesses a unique set of traits and characters that makes them different from each other. Hence, two individuals will also differ in terms of the expression of behaviors related to a particular trait. 

The five-factor model

The most widely used and known system of traits is referred to as the five-factor model. This system includes five traits that are remembered with the acronym OCEAN. The five traits are openness, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism. Each of these traits can be further divided into categories to get a better analysis of an individual’s personality. 


Openness is a trait that refers to the ability and eagerness to explore and appreciate new ideas, values, feelings, and behaviors. People who possess this trait tend to love to learn about everything around them and have the ability to listen and accept the perspectives and opinions of other people around them. 


Conscientiousness is a trait that refers to the tendency to be careful, to be on time, for appointments, to follow laid down rules properly, and to be hardworking and ambitious. Such people are always on guard and finds it difficult to deviate from a set routine or existing norms and conditions. They like to work with certainty and assurance. 


Extraversion is a trait that refers to the tendency to be sociable, outgoing, and to enjoy with others. These people love to be loud, merry, excited, and always on the move. They enjoy the company of other people and being the center of attention. They tend to have a dominant style and loves to boss around and take up leadership responsibilities. 



Agreeableness is a trait that refers to the tendency to be amiable and agree with other people at the cost of one’s comfort and personal opinion. They prefer to agree and make peace rather than be assertive and speak up for themselves. They fear being rejected or being caught up in an argument. hence, they do not create a situation for the same nor do they involve themselves in any kind of conflict. 


Neuroticism is a trait that refers to the tendency to be pervasively and persistently experiencing negative emotions such as anger, worry, and sadness. They find it difficult to calm down during a worrisome situation and fail to see the better side of things. They are highly sensitive and tend to lose control over their emotions when being confronted or disagreed with. 

They mostly keep to themselves and avoid social gatherings and situations to a great extent. These people do not share their problems and worries with their close circle of loved ones and become extensively anxious over the thought of them, over time. 

Facets of traits

Each trait of the five-factor theory consists of sub traits that correspond to the main trait. They are as follows:


  • Prone to fantasy and imagination
  • Open to feelings
  • Open to diverse behaviors
  • Open to new and different ideas
  • Open to different values and beliefs


  • Being competent
  • Being orderly and meticulous
  • Being dutiful and responsible
  • Being Achievement-oriented and ambitious
  • Being self-disciplined and adhering to laid down rules
  • Being engaged in deliberate action


  • Being highly sociable
  • Warm and affectionate
  • Assertive and determined
  • Active and always on the go
  • Excitement seeking and high rush of adrenaline
  • Carefree and optimistic at most times


  • Trusting and loyal
  • Straightforward
  • Altruistic 
  • Compliant
  • Tender-minded and amiable
  • Modest and down-to-earth


  • Highly anxious
  • Angry
  • Depressed extensively
  • Impulsive
  • Vulnerable
  • Highly self-conscious


In this brief guide, we discussed the personality trait list. We saw the nature of personality traits, the five traits of the five-factor theory model, and the sub traits of each of the five traits. 

FAQs: Personality trait list

What are the ten personality traits?

Certain personality traits are essential for maintaining your mental well-being. An individual who is functioning with a healthy and well-maintained personality can be characterized by high levels of openness to feelings, positive emotions, and straightforwardness, and low scores on all levels of neuroticism.  Ten specific personality traits can be listed out. They are as follows:

Openness to feelings (ability to openly experience and process one’s feelings)
Straightforwardness (genuine, frank)
Competence (ability to identify, work, and enhance one’s skills and talents)
Warmth (ability to be warm, affectionate, and understanding)
Positive emotions (ability to experience joy, happiness, love, passion, and excitement)
Low levels of anger and hostility
Low levels of anxiety (not being persistently tensed, fearful, gloomy, nervous)
Low risk of depression
Low vulnerability to stress
Low levels of impulsivity (ability to control strong cravings and urges when they arise) 

It is not necessary to possess all the ten personality traits to lead a happy and healthy life. However, it is important to ensure that you are not running low on all the traits, which could have adverse effects on your daily functioning. The traits that are associated with greater life satisfaction are self-esteem, self-sufficiency, optimism, having less anger and aggression, and self-control.

What is your strongest trait?

 Character traits refer to a set of morals and beliefs that defines how a character treats or behaves with other people and with themselves. These traits define the true essence of a character.  Here are fifteen traits that have the potential to transform your character. They are as follows:

Loyalty (the ability to remain true to oneself and loved ones, including family, friends, and other people)
Persistence (the ability to stay strong and move forward in the face of hardships and obstacles)
Spirituality (the ability to go beyond oneself and have a neutral perspective towards conflicts, challenge, or situation)
Self-control (ability to control one’s instant cravings and urges and to think and act rationally )
Ambitiousness ( the ability to possess a strong desire to dream of a long-term goal and to ardently work towards achieving it)
Fearlessness ( the ability to indulge in activities and in making decisions that involve risk and compromise, to achieve one’s goals and aspirations.)
Calculating ( the ability to sense, perceive, and process incoming information quickly and with precision. People possessing this trait will always be one or two steps ahead of others)
Persuasive (ability to convince, entertain, gain attention, and persuade people into doing or agreeing to something)
Desperate (ability to involve and be part of anything under the sun to get trouble out of way or to help oneself achieve one’s goals)
Unforgiving (inability to forgive, let go, and move forward in life)

What is a type D personality mean?

Type D personality is a term used in the field of medical psychology. This type is characterized by an affinity toward negative affectivity and emotions. For instance, someone with a type D personality will be persistently gloomy, worried, irritable, anxious, and always on the edge. People of this type are also socially inhibited. They tend to be reclusive, socially withdrawn, zoned out, and they generally lack self-assurance. The D in type D stands for “distressed”.

These type of people do not share their emotions and feelings with other people, including loved ones, in the fear of rejection and disapproval. 

What is the smartest personality type?

The smartest ad intelligent by average type, measured on a raw intellectual force is INTP. INTP has introverted thinking (Ti) as the primary function and extroverted intuition (Ne) as the auxiliary function. The second in the list turns out to be INTJ. 

What are universal traits?

Psychologists have chosen five big personality traits that appear to be universal. Many studies have incorporated that, irrespective of the culture of people, everyone possesses a certain degree of openness, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism. However, this may not apply to less developed societies. 

People belonging to all societies share almost the same living goals and desires. All of us want to learn important and productive skills, avoid environmental dangers, cooperate and compete effectively in social encounters, and find suitable, life-long mates. 

What is a type B personality mean?

People who come under the category of personality type B, tend to be easy-going, relaxed, and highly-flexible. They do not worry much and usually take things in stride. They could come across as disorganized and messy. However, they have the ability to think broadly and turnaround concepts in their head to come up with new and unique ideas. 

Type B is exactly the opposite of type A. people of personality type A is meticulous and a little uptight. Type B individuals take on a much more casual and carefree approach towards life. 

What is a type C personality mean?

People who possess personality type C tend to be detail-oriented individuals who like to be involved in things that are controlled, stable, and predictable. They cannot handle uncertainty or spontaneity. They also cannot tolerate people who are emotional and sensitive. They find the inability to handle emotions as a weakness and they feel it blocks out objectivity and the ability to think rationally and logically. 


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