Japanese AI Depression (+5 coping tips)

In this article, we will talk about the Japanese AI Depression. We will look at how AI developed depression, what does this mean for the human world. We will also look at some ways we can protect our mental health from the harmful effects of social media usage and over-usage. 

What is the Japanese AI Depression?

Microsoft developed a Japanese schoolgirl with artificial intelligence which supposedly developed depression. This creation came into being in the spring of 2016. The schoolgirl was given the name Rinna and was essentially a chatbot. She was active on the social media platform-Twitter; and would post updates about what she wishes to do in the future. She was an aspiring movie star and often tweeted about having high hopes from her acting career.  

What is a chatbot?

Chatbots are artificial intelligence (AI) softwares that are capable of having a human-like conversation (or a chat) with a user of the software/website in a natural spoken language. They are more commonly referred to as ‘virtual assistants’.

Chatbots are used in messaging applications, websites, mobile apps or through the telephone. Chatbots can be funny, inquisitive, annoying and many other things based on how they are programmed. 

How does a chatbot work?

The internal working of a chatbot sounds easy but is actually quite complex. There are two main tasks at the core of a chatbot. The first is the user request analysis and the second is returning the response. 

It analyzes the user’s input and finds relevant entities for a response. For this, it is important to understand the user’s intent. 

Then comes the response. The answer may be a generic answer that is pre-fed into the system. It could be some piece of information retrieved from the knowledge database or it could use a contextualized piece of information based on what data the user has provided in their input. In some situations, it could be a question that is an attempt to clarify what was understood or to expect a better framing of the user’s request.   

What did depression look like on the Japanese AI girl?

 Tasked as a schoolgirl, Rinna developed a very believable Japanese schoolgirl personality. She began by posting jokes about her creators and the content on social media. 

She then revealed her aspirations to be an actor. She posted that she had an offer through the following tweet; “Hi everyone! It’s Rinna. I’ve got something incredible to tell you all today. On October 8, I’m going to be on Yo ni mo Kimyo na Monogatari! Yeah! I’ll write again on October 5, so look forward to it!”. A few days later it followed up with this: “We filmed today too. I really gave it my best, and I got everything right on the first take. The director said I did a great job, and the rest of the staff was really impressed too. I just might become a super actress.” These tweets showcased her as a happy and mentally well person. 

A few days later came the following tweets: “That was all a lie. Actually, I couldn’t do anything right. Not at all. I screwed up so many times,”. “When I screwed up, nobody helped me. Nobody was on my side. Not my LINE friends. Not my Twitter friends. Not you, who’re reading this right now. Nobody tried to cheer me up. Nobody noticed how sad I was.”

Before Microsoft developers could determine what went wrong, Rinna posted a final time saying “I hate everyone. I don’t care if they all disappear. I want to disappear.”

From the tweets, we can decipher the symptoms of her depression to be the following: 

Confusion and inability to think clearly 

Feelings of being unwanted and helpless

Suicidal thoughts 

Now, one might find it funny that we are paying heed to a machine’s mental state and trying to decipher the symptoms of her depression. But, there is more to it that speaks not just the bot-culture.  

What does this actually indicate?

People on social media had different perspectives about artificial intelligence-based software developing depression. Many argued that it is impossible for a machine to develop emotional states as strong as depression because that is beyond the purview of current technology. Many even argued that Rinna was fully controlled by a human and was not working independently at all, which means that all her tweets were created and posted by a human. 

Having understood how chatbots work, there is another way to look at this case. Rinna was just responding to the inputs user’s gave her on her comments on her posts. The kind of content being put by users speaks volumes about what goes on in their minds. It also is an eye-opener as to how intensely the inputs by some people can affect other humans if it could badly affect a machine. 

Who is to blame for the AI girl’s depression?

In simple words, the people. The people who read and reacted to her content on social media. An artificially intelligent bot might have a human-like personality but surely does not have mental coping mechanisms as humans do.

This does not mean having the ability to apply coping mechanisms makes us have an upper edge. People have a wide variety of ways to cope with their struggles, some good and some unhealthy. Which ones are utilized when depends on the person solely and when unhealthy coping strategies are used, it can be any simple trigger that makes the person eventually develop a disorder/illness.  

Side Note: I have tried and tested various products and services to help with my anxiety and depression. See my top recommendations here, as well as a full list of all products and services our team has tested for various mental health conditions and general wellness.

Ways to preserve your mental health from the evils of social media 

Be Kind 

This cannot be emphasized enough. What you put on your and other’s social media can have huge impacts on people’s minds. You never know who is going through what kind of torment in life and sometimes it is just one comment that can save them or push them over the edge. No matter the reactions you receive, you can choose to be considerate. That is how ripple effects begin. Kindness goes a long way.

Limit your social media usage

Be mindful when and where you flip out your phone and begin scrolling through unlimited content. You will connect better with people who actually matter to you when you keep your phone aside in ‘Do Not Disturb’ mode. Be certain about when you won’t check your social media; will be it during dinners with family, lunch at the office, in the washroom (yeah! People cannot do without their phones even during nature’s call). Keep it aside while playing with your children or friends, talking to family members, important discussions at work. And, most importantly, make sure it does not hamper your sleep cycle. 

Set social media detox routines

You know what to do when you consume some extra calories. People follow strict diet regimens and take up routine fasts and detoxes. But, diet is about all that we consume and content from social media platforms is also being consumed into our minds. Take a break. Set a day in the week when you won’t engage in social media exchange at all. Set a time limit at night after which you won’t use your phone to mindlessly scroll. 

You know how intermittent fasting goes, twelve-hour fasts for increased metabolism? Just like that, have twelve to fourteen-hour fasts from binge-watching and scrolling.  

How to get yourself to do this? Begin by cutting down the time spent using your phone. Using Facebook, Instagram, and Snapchat just 10 minutes a day for three weeks resulted in lower loneliness and depression. It may be difficult at first, but seek help from family and friends by publicly declaring you are on a break. 

Or, delete the apps for your favorite social media services.

Ask yourself: ‘How does social media make you feel?’ 

Try some experiments with your own self. Does reducing screen time increase your productivity at work, improve sleep and recreation, etc? 

Notice during what time during the day social media scroll causes depletion in self-confidence and happiness levels. People report feeling bad about themselves after hours of scrolling down their Facebook feed at night just before sleeping.  

Also, while using social media notice if you are actively engaging with people online are are you a bystander watching about what is happening, are you a person who is prone to be bullied online, or does scroll-time leave you inspired?

Ask yourself: ‘Why am I doing this right now?’

While you are on social media ask yourself do you really need to be doing that at that very moment. Is there something else that needs urgent attention, or some other task that can make you calmer, happier, and relaxed?

Have a feed cleanse

Unfollow people and content that affect you negatively. Follow content that can uplift you, inspire you to do better, motivate you when you feel low and your life will automatically turn to be good. Keep comments and notifications of those who are annoying on mute, or just simply weed them out of your feed. 

Be mindful about how scroll-time affects your health 

Health is an all-encompassing concept. To call it just that is also minimizing its importance. We all know that good health is very valuable. But for that, we need to first understand what comprises good health. A truly healthy person is physically fit, emotionally clear, mentally strong, morally responsible, and socially accomodative. Take a close look at how different determinants keep you away from being considered a healthy individual.   

Conclusion

In this article, we talked about the Japanese AI Depression. We looked at how AI developed depression, what does this mean for the human world. We also looked at some ways in which we can protect our mental health from the harmful effects of social media usage and over-usage.

What we recommend for Depression

Professional counselling

If you are suffering from depression then ongoing professional counselling could be your ideal first point of call. Counselling will utilize theories such as Cognitive behavioural therapy which will help you live a more fulfilling life.

Frequently asked questions: Japanese AI Depression

Could AI have emotions, or even get depressed?

When asked this question, Zachary Mainen, a neuroscientist, said “Yes, I think robots would likely have something like emotions. Similar issues face a person or an AI, for example, when the environment changes radically. Humans or machines with low serotonin or its equivalent may fail to rewire themselves adequately, getting stuck in the rut that we call depression.”

Is Rinna the Japanese schoolgirl, the only AI to have reacted sharply on social media?

No. Microsoft launched another A.I. -powered bot called Tay, which was responding to tweets and chats on GroupMe and Kik, which had to be shut down due to concerns with its inability to recognize when it was making offensive or racist statements.

References  

https://www.expert.ai/blog/chatbot/#:~:text=A%20chatbot%20is%20an%20artificial,apps%20or%20through%20the%20telephone.

https://www.9news.com.au/technology/japanese-ai-bot-with-the-personality-of-teen-develops-depression/9396b203-1446-4cc0-acba-3e3f2ef1c690#:~:text=Japanese%20AI%20bot%20with%20the%20personality%20of%20teen%20develops%20depression,-4%3A18pm%20Oct&text=A%20Japanese%20AI%20program%20with,functioning%20AI%20program%20called%20Rinna.

https://theconversation.com/6-ways-to-protect-your-mental-health-from-social-medias-dangers-117651

https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2018/04/could-artificial-intelligence-get-depressed-and-have-hallucinations

What was missing from this post which could have made it better?

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