Fugue state (causes, symptoms and treatment)

This article is a detailed overview of fugue state and discusses some pertinent aspects related to this disorder.

Also, this article reveals possible symptoms, diagnostic aspects and possible treatments that offers insight into this problem.

Psychogenic fugue is the other name of dissociative fugue, is also the dissociative disorders.

Fugue is the Latin word that corresponds to the flight.

People with the fugue disorders have lost all their personal identity and impulsively wander away from their home place or the workplace. 

Moreover, they usually forget about their personality and they often create some new personality as well.

Any how people with this disorder hardly shows any signs of prominent illness.

They usually show the odd appearance and the strange one as well. 

Moreover, dissociative fugue is the prominent cause of the breakdown of conscious awareness, perception, identity, and memory.

SO, when such feelings are disrupted that could lead to the person’s general functioning and it includes the work relationships and 


The sort of fugue is extremely rare that is about 0.2 percent of the population is affected by dissociative fugue

Possible Causes 

Dissociative fugue has been connected to serious pressure, which may be the aftereffect of awful mishaps -, for example, war, misuse, mishaps, fiascos, or extraordinary viciousness – that the individual has encountered or seen. 

The utilization or maltreatment of liquor and certain medications likewise can cause fugue-like states, for example, liquor actuated “blackouts. “Dissociative fugue is generally uncommon.

The recurrence of dissociative fugue will in general increment during unpleasant or awful periods, for example, during wartime or after a catastrophic event. Some of the causes are listed below:

  • Violence experience 
  • Childhood sexual abuse 
  • Accident of automobile 
  • Suicide attempt 
  • Natural disaster 
  • Homicide commitment
  • Extreme stress from finance or martial 

While you may show up fine after the wound, triggers of an early woundcould cause dissociative fugue.

For instance, seeing your abuser sometime down the road or encountering an occasion that helps you to remember the previous occasion (e.g., seeing a little fire subsequent to being engaged with a sad fire). 

Along these lines, occasions can possibly trigger a huge response since they by one way or another reach the wound in your memory.

Furthermore, there is proof that there might be a hereditary connection as relatives of individuals with dissociative fugue may likewise be bound to encounter the condition.

Signs and Symptoms of Fugue State

A person who is affected by the fugue is hard to determine as the person’s outwards is appears to be relatively normal.

However, some of the symptoms includes the: 

  • Unplanned and sudden travel away from home
  • Hard to recall the past events and the important information associated to the person’s life
  • Confusing in recalling his or her identity, they assume some new identity to make the past lost and they also assume a new identity for making up then loss
  • Extreme problems with the daily functioning and might be the reason of the extreme distress

How people feel after fugue?

Once the state of the fugue has been passed away you may feel than 

  • Depressed feelings 
  • Grief feelings 
  • Shame feeling  
  • Discomfort feeling 
  • Angary 
  • Distress, anxiety and feelings of unfamiliarity 
  • Tough about the lost time
  • If the underlying cause of the fugue have never been diagnosed, then also you can address this issue.

Diagnostic Aspects of Fugue State

If the physical symptoms are visible, then doctors evaluate the results visibly with the help of some of the physical examination.

Since there are no associated labs for its diagnosis but still there are some of the labs test that have been suggested by the doctors.

In addition to this doctor sometimes recommends some of the tests for this purpose like the blood test, Physical illness and the problems caused by the brain diseases.  

Diagnosis in DSM-IV

When the separate disorder fugue has been diagnosed  

  • sudden or sudden travel away from one’s home or work 
  • the powerlessness to recall your past encounters
  • confusion about your character and taking on another one 
  • significant pain and debilitation about these issues 

In any case, it’s critical to realize that dissociative fugue is ordinarily just analysed reflectively since an individual in it may not give any outward indications and it may be difficult for others to perceive.

Thus, it is just when the fugue closes, either suddenly or progressively, that a conclusion is typically made.

Diagnosis in DSM-V

When the separate disorder fugue has been diagnosed. It is a subtype of dissociate ammonia 

  • Generalized amnesia 
  • Selective amnesia
  • Systematized amnesia
  • Continuous amnesia

Along these lines, it’s critical to underscore that dissociative fugue and dissociative amnesia as the umbrella condition is a neurological disability as opposed to because of some physical reason or substance that was taken. 

Moreover, in exceptionally uncommon cases, individuals may fake dissociative fugue for legitimate or different reasons.

This would be revealed during a total physical and mental assessment.

Methods of diagnosis 

An appraisal for dissociative fugue would by and large start with a physical test to preclude ailments.

It could likewise incorporate neuroimaging, to preclude things like epilepsy, head damage, and so forth.

When physical causes were precluded, a specialist or analyst would oversee a progression of appraisal instruments and lead a meeting to survey for mental issue.

Treatment Options 

The objective of dissociative fugue treatment is to enable the individual to grapple with the pressure or wound that set off the fugue.

Treatment additionally intends to grow new adapting techniques to avoid further fugue scenes. 

The best treatment approach relies upon the individual and the seriousness of their side effects, however no doubt will incorporate a blend of the accompanying treatment strategies:


Psychotherapy, a sort of advising, is the fundamental treatment for dissociative issue.

This treatment utilizes strategies intended to empower correspondence of contentions and increment understanding into issues.

Intellectual treatment is a particular kind of psychotherapy that spotlights on changing useless reasoning examples and coming about sentiments and practices.

Family therapy & medications

There is no settled drug to treat the dissociative issue themselves. In any case, if an individual with a dissociative issue additionally experiences sadness or uneasiness, the person in question may profit by treatment with a prescription, for example, upper, hostile to nervousness, or antipsychotic drugs. 

His shows the family the confusion and its causes, just as to help relatives perceive indications of a repeat.

Music therapy 

Those treatments enable the patient to investigate and express their contemplations and sentiments in a protected and imaginative manner.

Clinical hypnosis

This is a treatment technique that utilizations exceptional unwinding, fixation, and cantered thoughtfulness regarding accomplish a modified condition of cognizance (mindfulness), enabling individuals to investigate contemplations, emotions, and recollections they may have avoided their cognizant personalities.

The utilization of trance for treating dissociative issue is questionable because of the danger of making bogus recollections.

Most dissociative fugues are brief, enduring from not exactly a day to a while. Frequently, the confusion leaves alone.

The viewpoint, accordingly, is very great.

Be that as it may, without treatment to work out the fundamental issue, extra fugue scenes can happen. 

Despite the fact that it probably won’t be conceivable to counteract dissociative fugue, it may be useful to start treatment in individuals when they start to have side effects.

Further, speedy mediation following an awful mishap or sincerely upsetting experience may help diminish the danger of creating dissociative issue. 

Coping with dissociative fugue 

It’s hard to cause proposals for adapting to dissociative fugue since a great many people with the condition to don’t have the foggiest idea about that they have it.

Nonetheless, on the off chance that you’ve encountered it before, there are things you can do to counteract repeat: Receive treatment to adapt to manifestations identified with the fugue. 

Manage the basic issue that caused the fugue through treatment.

Acquire the help of relatives to enable you to see when you are in danger of fugue.

Attempt to decrease or dispense with potential triggers of a dissociative fugue.

Practice contemplation or different strategies to help oversee terrible emotions.

Locate an inventive outlet for terrible feelings, for example, painting or drawing.

On the off chance that you are endorsed drug for uneasiness or gloom by your primary care physician, make certain to take your medicine consistently.

Helping someone with Fugue state? 

How might you help somebody who has been determined to have dissociative fugue? The following are some suggestions.

Attend treatment to find out about their issues and how you can offer help. 

Perceive potential triggers and be touchy to those and how they may impact the individual encountering dissociative fugue.

Make sure that the individual is getting sufficient consideration and taking every single endorsed drug as indicated by the medicine given by the specialist or therapist. 


There can be numerous reasons an individual may appear to be befuddled about their environment or character, and dissociative fugue is generally uncommon.

On the off chance that you have worry for somebody’s prosperity or wellbeing, it is ideal to inform the significant experts in your general vicinity so they can examine the circumstance further.

In case you feel the symptoms of fugue yourself, it is highly recommended to seek clinical help immediately. 


What causes a fugue state?

Dissociative fugue is brought about by a circumstance that gives the individual outrageous passionate pressure.

The dissociative fugue is accepted to happen as the individual’s ways to get out from the pressure that they can’t generally adapt to.

A typical reason for dissociative fugue is serious sexual wound or some likeness thereof.

What is a mental fugue?

Dissociative fugue is at least one scenes of amnesia in which an individual can’t review a few or the entirety of their past.

Either the loss of one’s personality or the arrangement of another character may happen with abrupt, startling, intentional travel away from home

What is a dissociative fugue state?

Dissociative fugue is at least one scenes of amnesia in which an individual can’t review a few or the entirety of their past.

Either the loss of one’s character or the development of another personality may happen with abrupt, sudden, deliberate travel away from home.

What is a fugue episode?

A fugue generally has three core areas: a composition, an advancement and a last section that contains the arrival of the subject in the fugue’s tonic key. …

This is frequently trailed by an associating entry, or scene, created from recently heard material; further “sections” of the subject at that point are heard in related keys.

What is the difference between dissociative amnesia and fugue?

Seldom, dissociative amnesia is joined by deliberate travel or dazed meandering, called fugue (from the Latin word figure “to escape”).

Restricted amnesia includes being not able to review a particular occasion or occasions or a particular timeframe; these holes in memory are typically identified with wound or stress

How long does dissociative fugue last?

A dissociative fugue may last from months to hrs., In the event that the fugue endures a few days or more, individuals may go a long way from home, structure another character, and start a new position, unconscious of any adjustment in their life.