This article will give a brief idea of Enissophobia.
Then it will focus on the symptoms and causes of Enissophobia.
Then it will highlight Enissophobia treatments, both psychotherapies, and medications.
Enissophobia refers to the irrational fear of criticism.
People suffering from this disorder might have anxiety or even a panic attack with a mere thought of being criticized.
These people are already very self-critical and if somebody else criticizes them, they think that they are being let down.
People suffering from Enissophobi are more likely to suffer from the fear of public speaking and/or Agoraphobia which means fear of crowded places.
They also think that they are often judged by other people.
People suffered in the past try to avoid such circumstances and people so that the instances do not repeat.
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SYMPTOMS OF ENISSOPHOBIA:
The main symptom of Enissophobia which can be derived from the word, phobia itself is intense anxiety and it depends on several factors like genetics, environmental factors and the severity of the condition.
Lack of self-esteem and lack of self-confidence have also been seen in these patients, some Enissophobia patients isolate themselves from people because they think that is the main cause and this way they can heal themselves.
They even worry to go out where there are chances of the crowd to be present like social gatherings etc.
Some more common symptoms are-
- Anxiety or Panic attacks with a mere though of being criticized
- Feelings of helplessness
- Sweating and Muscle Tension
- Avoiding people
CAUSES OF ENISSOPHOBIA:
There is no certain cause that has been found so far for Enissophobia, though, there are several factors that contribute to this condition.
One factor would be genetics, as a person who has a family history of anxiety disorders or phobias are more likely to develop Enissophobia.
Another factor would be the environment in which the person had bad experiences while growing up.
Both factors are likely to play important roles in developing Enissophobia.
Someone developing a fear of being criticized can be because of the childhood fear of some incidences where he must have been criticized.
If the child has experienced bullying behavior in his childhood then also such fear and phobia can occur.
It can also be developed due to already suffering from a disorder like obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), like obsession with being criticized that a person eventually develops Enissophobia.
There is no particular treatment that has been designed especially for Enissophobia.
But some treatments which have been proved to be helpful in anxiety and phobias have been considered to be helpful with Enissophobia as well and those are-
- Talk Therapy-
Talk Therapy can be beneficial for someone suffering from an irrational fear of being criticized as it can help the patient to let out all the fears he has in a constructive way and it eventually helps in developing new and more constructive thinking pattern
It is one of the most common and effective therapy with patients suffering from anxiety and phobias.
It works by having the therapist slowly expose the patient to which he fears in an attempt to desensitize him about it.
With Enissophobia patients this form of therapy is tricky as the patient sometimes is not ready to be criticized, not even a bit.
- Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) for Enissophobia:
It is an 8-week evidence-based program that offers mindfulness training to help people suffering from anxiety, stress, depression, etc.
Mindfulness meditation can significantly help people suffering from Enissophobia, how it will help one in distracting himself from their fear by refocusing their attention on something else, like breathing.
This is the most basic and easiest way one can meditate and be in the present.
It is another common form of treatment that is used to help people suffering from GAD and OCD.
And it may also be effective in helping to treat conditions like Enissophobia, it works by having the therapist help the patient to think why it is that they think, feel and behave, the way they do.
- Anti-anxiety medications:
These medications are very helpful in preventing panic attacks and anxiety issues. It is very helpful when the condition is very severe.
Some common anti-anxiety medications are Xanax, Diazepam, Klonopin, etc. These medications should be taken only in the supervision of a medical professional.
These medications aren’t only for people who suffer from depression as they can also help people suffering from anxiety disorders such as Enissophobia. Some common antidepressants are Paxil, Zoloft, Lexapro, etc.
These types of drugs are taken on a daily basis and can be helpful in preventing panic attacks and daily anxiety issues. But always consider consulting a psychiatrist first before starting or stopping any medications.
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This blog gave a brief idea of Enissophobia.
Then it focused on the symptoms and causes of Enissophobia.
Then it highlighted Enissophobia treatments, both psychotherapies, and medications.
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