Big Five Careers: (A Comprehensive Guide)

In this article, we will discuss the Big Five Careers. In the study of psychology, the five-factor model is placed to examine the characteristics of a human being in each aspect.

This five-factor model is also known as the ocean model 6that is developed in the 1980s when the time of application of factor analysis to personality survey data.

In this survey some words that are used to define the aspects of personality that are most of the time applied to the same person. For instance, if someone is defined as conscientious that means the person is always ready to do work and the person is not messy to do their task.

It clearly defines personality analysis without any efforts because in this theory all traits are mentioned in structure. After filling the data the person can find out the trait of personality.

So this is based on the semantic association of words but not on neuropsychological experiments.

In this article, we will discuss the big five traits and career-best suited for them. In this theory, there are five broad dimensions of expanding and understanding about personality and.

This theory identifies the five factors that are given below:

  • Openness to experience
  • Conscientiousness
  • Extroversion
  • Agreeableness
  • Neuroticism

This trait theory defined the five-factor model is made using acronyms OCEAN. Each factor has a deep depth of related specific primary factors.

There is much correlation in one factor that can be studied in each aspect of personality.

For example, if we say extraversion: then it means it has qualities like gregariousness, excitement, assertiveness, seeking warmth, and positive emotions.

Each factor has distinctive qualities also in-depth beneath it. To understand each factor of personality lets study in details:

Development of the Big Five Factors Model:

These big five personality traits are used to understand the relationship between academic behaviors and personality.

This model is introduced by a different group of researchers and thinkers who have been working on personality using factor analysis and human behavior.

First of all these researches take start from the description of verbal descriptors that is directly related to the personality traits. After that, they minimize the list of descriptors to 5-10 folds.

After doing it then they used the factor analysis to determine personality traits groups by using data based on people’s estimation, questionnaire of self-report, and also peer ratings.

This is done concerning getting personality traits. We will discuss the big five careers later.

Ernst types and Raymond crystal in 1961 took a step in developing the initial model but it didn’t get the success for academic behaviors in the 1980s.

After the 1980s J.M Digman advanced the big five-factor model that was advanced and extended by Lewis Goldberg to the high level.

In this tenure, the four sets of researchers worked independently with the lexical hypothesis in decades and have developed the big five.

In this journey, the types and Christel were on the top in the development of their work on the big five models.

Later Goldberg at the Oregon research institute and the Cattell university of Illinois and Costa and McCrae.

These sets of research have been done by using a different method in finding the traits and gave each set different names and definitions that are defined by their work.

However, it is found with correlation and factor analytical alignment.

Some studies show that not big five factors model is so powerful in defining traits as it has more primary traits too.

The big five personality traits have two correlated aspects. That is directly linked to the personality level.

The aspects in it are named as the volatility and withdrawal for neuroticism, the other one is enthusiasm and assertiveness regarding extraversion, intellect to openness, industriousness, and orderliness regarding conscientiousness, compassion, politeness for agreeableness.

Those who don’t show the adaptation in single factors are often considered adaptable, reasonable, and also moderate.

On the other hand, it can also be understood as the unprincipled, inscrutable, and also calculating.

If we depend on how much one person is depending on a trait results in making someone more doubtful in doing some activities.

We will discuss the big five careers later.

Defining Personality Traits:

1-Openness to Experience:

This trait gives appreciation to art, adventure, emotions, unusual ideas, and imaginations.

Variety of experience and curiosity to a new experience. We can see in this trait the people who are falling in this trait are very intellectual and open for new experiences.

They are very open to emotions, sensitive. And also try new things full of heart. By contrasting with closed people who are very aware of their feelings and very creative too.

These traits of people have high conventional beliefs.

The one downfall in this category is this these people are very less focused and can be easily involved in drug addiction and also risky behaviors due to their free to learn and try new things. 

Many people wonder if weed can change the personality.

These people with an openness to experience traits are more likely to pursue self-actualization.

They also tend to seek euphoria and intense emotions. On the other hand, those who are closed and low openness tend to gain contentment by characterization of pragmatic and data-driven.

They are self-minded. We will discuss the big five careers later.


I am ready to do new things.

I use very complex words.

Low openness:

I don’t like abstractions

I don’t have good imaginations.

2. Conscientiousness:

This trait is specialized in the tendency to exhibit self-discipline, they are more dutiful, and they can strive for achievements with measures.

This trait defines regulation, control over impulses. Conscientious people are more focused and concerned but stubborn.

On the other hand, low consciousness leads to flexibility spontaneously. They show a lack of reliability and also sloppiness.

High scoring people preferred to be planned more than spontaneous behavior. ‘We will discuss the big five careers later.


I like order.

I follow the schedule.

3. Extroversion:

Extraversion tends to do a lot of activities, energy creations from the external environment.

This trait defines the engagement with the external world with much more energy.

They enjoy interacting with people and they remain full-on energy.

They are very enthusiastic and found as action-oriented individuals.

They will be seen with visibility; they love to talk and assertiveness. They are more dominant in the social setting than others.

On the other hand, the introvert is the opposite of extroversion. They tend to sit alone and live happily in the inner world.

Their energy level is less than extroverts. They are low, deliberate individuals, and show less interest in social gatherings.

They need low stimulation, but still, they are very friendly, most antisocial, but they are usually reserved in social gatherings. We will discuss the big five careers later.


I am the life

I am talkative


I avoid gatherings

I sit alone and feel happy

I am around strangers.

4. Agreeableness:

This trait defines the individual difference in terms of social harmony. These individuals get along with others.

They are very kind, generous, and trustworthy. They are very helpful and willing to compromise on their interests.

They are very optimistic or positive thinking minds of people. We will discuss the big five careers later.

On the other hand, the disagreeable individuals are self-interest, selfish along with others.

They are not concerned with their relatives or loved ones. Sometimes they feel suspicious about their activities.

They are unfriendly and uncooperative.


I am interested in people

I am very kind and generous toward other people:


I am a little concerned about others.

I insult people.

4. Neuroticism:

Neuroticism individuals have negative thoughts and they go through very negative emotions such as anger, anxiety, and depression. Neuroticism is often called emotional instability.

Eysenck’s theory of personality in 1967 neuroticism is referred to as low tolerance toward aversive stimuli.

This is known as temperament trait .The individuals with a high score in neuroticism are very emotionally reactive and vulnerable to any stressful conditions.


I get irritated easily

I get upset

I always worry about things

Big Five Careers:

Now we have read about each dimension in detail and are able to figure out which profession is suitable for which trait of an individual.

This is a very important thing to always pick the profession according to your trait so that you can get promotion and success in your academic and professional life.

The school-going children are emphasized to become a doctor in the future, while their trait does not allow joining the medical field.

So some individuals take interest in personal interests like they are very passionate about cooking, painting, and writings when they get pressure to do the job like fly the aircraft that will be the hardest job for them.

So choose the profession according to your personality trait. To seek help just read below:

Big Five Careers: Openness to a New Experience:

If you get a high score in the openness then you must go for one of the careers that are below:

  • Tour guide:

These job skills are exactly matched with your criteria. Because it has exploration and meeting with new people.

It also helps you in understanding cultural differences also get ready to learn and try new things.

You can guide your group with your knowledge based on your traits and you can manage them well.

Because you have the trait of presentation and communication skills.

  • Pilot:

You tend to do the pilot jobs successfully. You can also become the cargo pilot who brings and delivers food between destinations.

This career matches your best.

Big Five Careers: Conscientiousness:

  • Accountant:

An individual has the trait of self-disciplined and dutiful so they can fully do the job of an accountant in a great way.

These people have excellent attention to each detail. Go for accounting for career success.

  • Sales manager:

In this job you can benefit from your personality trait that you have very disciplined and dutiful and also trustworthy.

The people can do the sales job so well to set quotas and goals and also team management you can be suited well in this profession.

Big Five Careers: Extroversion:

This personality trait people love is crowded with people and very talkative. So they should choose the profession that suits their traits.

  • Event planner:

Go with the event planner career that suits well for you.

You will be instructed to contact clients and also responsible for meeting with guests and coordinating all guests in the event.

You are responsible for the booking of your clients and guests. You are also responsible for ordering food and music according to their taste.

The one who doesn’t have the extrovert trait can’t handle this job easily.

  • Personal trainer:

In this career, you are responsible to design the individual diet, exercise, and fitness plan because this job needs a skill that you have already in your traits. So join the career

Big Five Careers: Agreeableness:

An Agreeable person is kind, helping, and trustworthy.

  • Elementary school teacher:

Just go for the teaching career if you have agreeableness traits. That job will be very suitable and tension free for you.

  • Human resource specialist:

You can also choose the human resource department that will be great for your career according to your trait.

Big Five Careers: Neuroticism:

People with high neurotic traits should opt for these careers

  • Writer
  • Artist
  • Accountant
  • Florist
  • Yoga Instructor
  • Freelance Designer

FAQ About Big five careers

What are the big 5 personality traits?

The five are: Openness, Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness, and Neuroticism — also commonly referred to collectively as OCEAN.

Why are the Big 5 personality traits important?

The Big Five personality theory helps us to understand people in a better way so that we can deal and communicate with them easily. 


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